Asthma Patient Info
Asthma Treatment Options
Common Medications and Treatments for Asthma
There are several different classes of drugs that treat asthma.
Asthma treatment is specific to each individual. Side effects and warnings must be taken into consideration.
Long Term Medication/Controllers
Taking a long-term medication is the best way to keep asthma under control on a daily basis and prevent serious attacks.
- Contains adrenaline that keeps the breathing passages open for 12 hrs or more.
- Typically inhaled.
- Acts locally by concentrating their effects directly within breathing passages.
- These oral medications inhibit the chemical substances that promote an inflammatory response during acute attack.
- A long-acting bronchodilator.
Quick Relief Medication/Rescue Medicines
Quick relief asthma medications provide just that: fast-acting relief from asthma symptoms. Yet, these medications should only be used occasionally. Talk to your doctor if you are using your inhaler more often than your doctor recommends.
- Opens breathing passages in minutes.
- The effects usually last only 4 hours.
- Takes slightly longer than beta-agonists to achieve an effect, but has longer lasting relief.
- Relieves airway inflammation caused by severe attacks.
Allergic Asthma Medications
When asthma is caused by allergies, you may be prescribed different asthma medications to treat the allergy symptoms separately.
- Given by injection every 2–4 weeks, this drug works to change the immune system and help alleviate symptoms.
- Generally inhaled before exposure of allergen.
- Does not work once an attack has begun.
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